Right-Wing Populist Salvini Eyes a Comeback in Italy
Matteo Salvini hasn’t even arrived yet as well as also already the Morelli Theater is actually packed to capacity. Many are forced to remain outside, as well as also they begin talking about the man who they would likely so liked to have seen. as well as also about their anger as well as also their hopes that will someone will finally save them coming from the misery in which they find themselves.
The square in front of the theater within the Calabrian town of Cosenza is actually, on This particular late September evening, the latest stage for a drama that will is actually currently gripping the entire country: How is actually former Indoor Minister Salvini dealing with his plunge into the opposition? as well as also what is actually he doing to regain power?
“Salvini is actually the best politician Italy has seen in decades,” gushes a woman named Giselle. “Only he can save us.” He is actually, she insists, the only one within the entire country who is actually doing something for normal people like the ones gathered here in front of the theater, people who work as well as also pay taxes. “Italy has been sold out. We used to manufacture, although at This particular point we have landed in poverty,” Giselle says.
A woman in a well-worn T-shirt as well as also a face full of worries joins the conversation with her daughter. “We’re hungry,” says Pina. She says she works six days a week as a landscaper for the city as well as also receives a net salary of just 500 euros per month. Her husband is actually chronically ill, she says, her son is actually unemployed, as well as also her daughter-in-law is actually pregnant. “They are all depending on me,” the 51-year-old says. “although I was last paid in early August.”
Then comes Francesco Perrone, a pensioner. “God gave This particular region everything,” he says, the beauty, the black truffle as well as also the bergamot lemon. although the politicians have taken that will all away, he says, adding that will the people of Calabria want to finally be able to believe in something again. “When Salvini comes, then he is actually God.” Inside the theater, the crowd begins to sing as the man himself finally takes the stage. “I give you my word to send This particular government back home as quickly as possible,” he calls out to his fans, as well as also then begins inveighing against traitors, amateurs as well as also idiots within the cabinet.
Italy includes a hot summer behind that will. Matteo Salvini, 46, wanted to become prime minister, although he stumbled over his own vanity as well as also his erroneous belief that will he could take the top political job by storm. Lega, the right-wing populist party he leads, crashed out of government as well as also the country is actually at This particular point led by a coalition of the a few Star Movement (M5S) as well as also the Social Democrats.
Illigitimate Coalition of Fear
at This particular point, the Lega chief is actually working tirelessly on his comeback coming from the opposition. He has been touring through the country for weeks, coming from Cosenza to Genoa, coming from Milan to Bologna as well as also Naples, often producing three or four appearances in just one day. All the while, he is actually filming video spots for Facebook, giving television interviews as well as also producing visits to prison guards or fishermen.
A key milestone on Salvini’s comeback trail came on Saturday, which has a far-right rally in Rome labeled “Italy Pride,” intended as a protest against the current government. Many on the left compared the event to the 1922 “March on Rome,” that will paved the way for the Mussolini-led fascist power-grab in October 1922.
When Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte presented his fresh cabinet in early September, he spoke of a victory for parliamentary democracy. The constitution as well as also Italian state institutions had worked, he said, while the president as well as also parliament had conscientiously fulfilled their tasks. Snap elections had been avoided as well as also the danger of an anti-EU, nationalist government led by Lega had been averted for the time being. that will, at least, is actually the view coming from the left as well as also center.
although Salvini as well as also his followers feel cheated as well as also refer to the fresh government as an illegitimate coalition of fear that will is actually wary of holding elections. “Palazzi versus Piazze,” is actually their slogan, the government palaces against the will of the people on the public squares. The people versus the politicians: that will is actually the same conflict claimed by populists in Washington, London, Berlin as well as also elsewhere. although This particular one includes a uniquely Italian bit of flair, with Salvini blowing kisses even to the loudest left-wing counterdemonstrators.
Salvini’s fall coming from power has done nothing to pacify the country, as that will continues to go through something of a political stress test, with the outcome still unclear. The atmosphere is actually tense, with every rubber boat coming from North Africa that will makes landfall on the Italian coast, every rescue ship that will charts a course for Lampedusa, every negative economic indicator heaping pressure on the fresh government. In part because Salvini doesn’t miss just one opportunity to immediately go on the attack.
Back on The European Playing Field
In mid-September, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier met in Rome’s Quirinal Palace with his Italian counterpart Sergio Mattarella as well as also the two celebrated the reconciliation of two partners who had been estranged for over a year. The relief they felt could be seen in every gesture. that will was Mattarella who, in rapid consultations, paved the way for M5S to drop Lega as a coalition partner as well as also replace the populists with the Social Democrats. Those opposed to Lega believe that will the Italian president didn’t just prevent fresh elections, although potentially also a crash of the euro as well as also the development of a leader-cult surrounding Salvini. Steinmeier thanked Mattarella, saying he was happy “that will Italy is actually back on the European playing field.”
Neither of them mentioned Salvini by name, although he is actually nonetheless omnipresent. Party strategists are constantly following the former Indoor minister’s public opinion poll numbers. Did he do permanent damage to his career with his failed August power grab? Or will he become stronger than ever as he goes on the attack against an unstable government?
Thus far, no clear answer has emerged. His personal popularity numbers have dropped slightly, although at 33 percent support, Lega remains Italy’s most favored party. Were elections to be held at This particular point, a Salvini-led right-wing alliance would likely receive about the same amount of support as the current governing coalition. Everything depends on which side gets a leg up on the two most important questions currently facing the country: the refugee issue as well as also the economic crisis.
In Genoa, Lega has set up a huge tent on Piazza della Vittoria as well as also two politicians coming from the party are warming up the crowd, shouting “close the ports!” as well as also “Italians first!” Suddenly, the crowd grows restive: Matteo Salvini has arrived.
Elderly women being screaming as they rush toward him like teenagers at a pop concert. The entire tent begins cheering, smartphones are held high to get a picture as well as also endless Matteo chants interrupt the diatribes coming from the Lega politicians onstage.
A Bit Less Freakshow
Then, finally, the “Capitano,” as his supporters call him, begins speaking. Salvini seems more moderate as well as also more relaxed since he left the government — a bit more mainstream as well as also a bit less freakshow. The kitschy opera aria that will frequently accompanies his entrances is actually missing on This particular evening. He isn’t waving a rosary, there is actually no greeting to Mother Mary as well as also he also doesn’t inveigh against the “Gypsies.”
He starts by entertaining his audience like a comedian would likely, producing fun of the most recent proposals coming from Rome which has a well-practiced line: The leftists have come up with another one of their plans! His standard response is actually “buonsenso,” or “common sense.” as well as also that will pretty much always works, whether he is actually talking about opening ports to refugees, higher fuel taxes for poor farmers or fresh taxes on mineral water. “If they weren’t within the government, their behavior would likely be funny as well as also I could laugh at that will,” Salvini says. that will’s always the same punchline as well as also that will always refers to the heavily burdened, hamstrung Italians, allegedly within the grip of foreign interests as well as also forced over time to pay for the confused ideas of the leftists.
At times, Salvini seems like a therapist for an enormous self-help group that will goes beyond the people within the tent in Genoa as well as also — thanks to Facebook Video — includes the entire country. He lets his followers know that will he is actually there for them, that will he is actually listening. Consolation as well as also healing are an integral part of This particular strategy. “Have patience, have faith,” he calls out. “as well as also I urge you: When you are insulted, respond which has a smile.”
When his declamation comes to an end, he throws candy into the crowd before the selfie ritual begins. His followers wait in line for up to two hours for their a few-seconds with the Salvini, enough time for a photo as well as also the briefest moment of longed for attention.
that will only took a few years for Salvini to transform Lega into the largest party within the country. When he became party chairman in late 2013, Lega was only polling at 4 percent. although in May elections for European Parliament, the party raked in 34 percent of the vote, far ahead of M5S, the Social Democrats as well as also Silvio Berlusconi, the former right-wing superstar. This particular rapid rise partially explains why he is actually so venerated by his followers.
On the morning after Salvini’s appearance in Genoa, Marco Campomenosi is actually sitting within the empty Lega tent. He is actually friends with Salvini as well as also says that will they frequently spent vacations together here within the Liguria region of northwestern Italy. In European Parliament, the two were a team, with Salvini the member of parliament as well as also Campomenosi his assistant. that will was almost 15 years ago.
“Matteo has hardly changed at all. He has This particular unbelievable ability to develop a direct as well as also deep connection with people,” says Campomenosi, who has since become a European parliamentarian in his own right as well as also is actually head of the Lega party group in Strasbourg. “If that will’s what that will means to be a populist, then that will is actually a wonderful thing.”
As he explains that will, the Salvini System works as follows: within the background is actually the party leadership, the social media team (“the beast”) as well as also a network of provincial governors as well as also mayors coming from Lega. They continually supply their “frontman” which has a “fotografia” of the country or their region, essentially a briefing on the mood as well as also the important issues being discussed on the street as well as also within the social media channels.
Using that will material as well as also relying on his constant conversations with Italian voters, Salvini uses gut instinct to more or less spontaneously come up with talking points as well as also slogans. Meanwhile, the Lega party apparatus uses analyses to outline political initiatives. “We propose short-term targets that will can be reached within six months,” Campomenosi says. They’re not interested in projects that will will only bear fruit three years down the line.
In some other words, that will isn’t the kind of politics practiced by the traditional parties. “Salvini could at This particular point say: We want to become the establishment,” says Campomenosi. “although then we would likely be producing the same mistake as the a few Star Movement, which demanded change although has at This particular point adapted itself to the establishment.”
Lega is actually difficult to grasp. As soon as things get too quiet or harmonious, Salvini will throw out the next provocation coming from the stage or on social media. In interviews, leading Lega politicians, by contrast, consistently present themselves as cool-headed conservatives who are primarily interested in stimulating the economy as well as also creating jobs. The contrast with Salvini’s rhetoric is actually significant.
Black as well as also White
Gian Marco Centinaio was agriculture minister until early September as well as also he has known Salvini for many years. “He says coming from the stage the same things that will people are saying on the street,” he says. “Italy is actually not able to take in all of Africa.”
The governing coalition with the a few Star Movement did not collapse as a result of refugee policy, he says. “The migrant debate took place primarily on television, not within the cabinet,” says Centinaio. His party, he continues, had wanted to reform the judiciary, push through tax cuts as well as also cut red tape. as well as also they wanted to ensure that will young Italians stopped leaving the country in frustration. M5S, he says, blocked a lot of their proposals.
Those who want to move forward versus those who stand within the way: Salvini as well as also his people have ultimately reduced the conflicts in their coalition with M5S down to This particular black-as well as also-white formula. as well as also they have been so successful that will facts as well as also nuance have lost their importance as well as also Lega is actually at This particular point polling better than M5S in all surveys.
When Centinaio first met Salvini, the old parties were still around, like the Christian Democrats as well as also the Communists. “Today, we are the oldest party within the country,” says Centinaio, although Italy has changed, as has Lega itself.
Salvini radically transformed the autonomy movement rooted within the wealthy north, bringing to an end its attacks on the poor as well as also allegedly lazy south. that will was the essential first step toward the goal that will is actually even part of the party logo: “Salvini Premier.” The European Union as well as also migrants became the fresh scapegoats. Today, his platform calls for greater freedoms for the economically strong region between Venice, Milan as well as also Turin along with massive investment within the south.
Since the 2018 parliamentary elections, Lega together with its coalition partners have won every regional election within the country, coming from the Abruzzo mountains within the southeast to Piemont within the northwest. This particular Sunday’s vote in Umbria will be the first electoral test following the collapse of the Lega-M5S coalition, followed by Emilia-Romagna as well as also Toscana, all of them strongholds of the Social Democrats, which Salvini attacks on an almost daily basis.
His opponents are keeping a close eye on each step he takes, even as they are trying to marginalize both him as well as also his issues. although they have copied his methods, his social media strategy as well as also his presence on the street. Like in early October, when the Social Democrats called for rallies on thousands of public squares across the country under the slogan: “For the Love of Italy.” that will was a kind of countermove to the “March on Rome” that will Salvini held on Saturday.
that will clash over where the country should be headed was also on display on the evening of Salvini’s visit to Cosenza in Calabria. Not far coming from the theater, left-wing activists have gathered for a noisy protest, while inside, the audience is actually cheering boisterously for their “Capitano.”
Francesco Perrone, the pensioner, is actually standing out front with all of those who couldn’t get a spot within the theater as well as also watching the spectacle with interest. “Left or right, most of the people here couldn’t care less,” he ultimately says. “They just want things to get better.”