‘Hell can be Coming’: Europe Engulfed By Massive Heatwave
in which’s starting again. After the once-in-a-century summer of 2018, with its heat waves, droughts along with forest fires, another once-in-a-century summer has arrived in Germany along with many parts of Europe, This particular time with air through the Sahara along with even higher temperatures.
After a cool May, in which finally warmed up in June in Germany. A lot. Last Wednesday, the thermometer near Guben within the northern German state of Brandenburg reached 38.6 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit). in which marked once since measurements began in 1881 in which a temperature in which high was reached in Germany in June.
The record lasted for three days. On Sunday, thermometers in Bernburg, just northwest of Leipzig, hit 39.6 degrees. The average temperature for June can be 20 degrees Celsius.
Almost half of the continent, through Portugal to Poland, was hit by a heat wave in recent days in which was extremely unusual just for This particular time of year. Madrid recorded temperatures of 40 degrees Celsius on Friday along with Saturday, with one Spanish TV meteorologist tweeting “Hell can be coming” just before the heat wave arrived. The Swiss town of Sion recorded 37 degrees on Sunday, the highest mark ever recorded in June within the country. within the Czech Republic, temperatures reached 38.9 degrees on Wednesday, also a June record for the country.
In France, where some regions saw temperatures of over 45 degrees, schools had to delay their final exams on Thursday along with Friday. In Paris, many parks along with outdoor pools remained open at night doing sure in which people could escape their hot apartments. The heat wave can be conjuring terrible memories of the one through 2003, when almost 15,000 people died.
the entire world will soon find out how much of the current temperatures can be blamed on man-made climate change. German physicist Friederike Otto at Oxford University can be currently putting together a quick study about the situation in Toulouse along with France generally. The results should be available This particular week. This particular June, she says, was “quite extreme.”
Otto along with her team has already carried out similar investigations of seven northern European cities in which suffered under last year’s abnormally hot summer. The results show in which, depending on the geographical location, climate change has increased the likelihood of such heatwaves by two- to tenfold.
In a world without climate change, Utrecht within the Netherlands might expect temperatures like these only once every 20 years. right now, though, they will occur every 5 years. The same, they claim, can be likely true of many German cities.
Monday saw the heat wave break, with more normal temperatures expected through early July. although in which remains unclear how the rest of the summer will unfold.
The private American weather service Accuweather can be predicting a series of especially long heat waves for Europe in July along with August — over 38 degrees in Germany, Belgium along with Poland, over 40 degrees in southern France along with over 43 degrees in parts of Spain along with Portugal.
A severe drought like last year can be also within the cards, one of the company’s meteorologists predicted in late May. He also warned of an abnormally high danger of forest fires, especially in Portugal along with the Alps regions, along with in which the Balkans face a heightened threat of thunderstorms, perhaps even tornados, along with floods. Eastern Europe along with Scandinavia, he said, might largely be spared of the extreme weather.
Many meteorologists, though, tend not to take such long-term forecasts seriously. Respected members of the field make predictions for 5 days in advance at the most. Beyond in which, they Discharge only short-term trend predictions.
One of the Hottest Years on Record
although even though the details of the forecast for the 2019 summer in Europe are fraught with considerable doubt, the global situation can be predicted pretty accurately. The year 2019 will again be one of the hottest since the beginning of temperature records.
A heat wave devastated Australia in January, with temperatures of up to 49.5 degrees Celsius; Alaska experienced its warmest spring; along with Greenland has experienced an unusually early along with strong melting of the ice sheet. Many cities in Japan measured their highest-ever May temperatures. in which same month, parts of India stewed at temperatures of up to 50.8 degrees Celsius, which has already caused more than 0 deaths.
The El Niño year 2016 holds the absolute record for global temperature averages, along with 2015, 2017 along with 2018 were only slightly cooler. An El Niño pattern has developed again in 2019, along with though in which can be weak, in which explains why many regions of the entire world are heating up more than normal.
The Era of Hot Temperatures Has Begun
within the past 22 years, we have right now seen the 20 warmest years on record. This particular accumulation alone can be enough to show in which climate change can be already here. The climate in which today’s 40-year-olds experienced in their childhoods, a climate in which had been quite stable for 11,000 years, can be a thing of the past. The era of hot temperatures has begun.
The warming within the Arctic can be particularly strong, at twice to three times as fast as the rest of the entire world. The mean temperature high within the north can be already 2 degrees higher than in which was 50 years ago. In parts of Alaska, in which can be even up to four degrees warmer. Much of the permafrost soil there are thawing at a rate in which can be shocking researchers, along with as in which thaws, in which releases large amounts of the greenhouse gases methane along with carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere.
In late summer, the sea ice only covers an area half the size of what in which covered 40 years ago. Without the ice, the incoming sunlight isn’t reflected as strongly back into space along with its energy can be absorbed by the water.
This particular has knock-on effects, including on the jet stream. This particular strong wind current at an altitude of seven to 12 kilometers within the Northern Hemisphere, blows through west to east along with includes a decisive influence on the weather below.
The strength of the jet stream can be determined by the temperature differences between the Arctic along with the tropics. With the polar region right now becoming so much warmer, the jet stream can be getting thrown off track more easily. In its weakened state, in which meanders far to the north along with far to the south, its course along with speed right now resembling a snaking country road more than a high-speed autobahn.
The result of these “Rossby waves” can be in which weather systems don’t get blown away as quickly as they use to; they often stay in one place for a long time. Depending on the location of the low- or high-pressure areas, This particular can lead to prolonged rain or extended heat waves.
Researchers have shown in which a special formation of Rossby waves (“wave 7 pattern”) was rare before 1999 although has occurred more frequently since in which time. along with when in which does, in which almost always leads to extreme heat as seen within the European record summers of 2003, 2006, 2010, 2015 along with 2018.
German climate researcher Kai Kornhuber at Columbia University’s Earth Institute has reported in which This particular wave pattern has formed again within the troposphere. “We’re expecting an extreme heat wave over Germany along with Western Europe,” says Kornhuber.
A Record CO2 Concentration
in which wouldn’t be in any way surprising. The greenhouse gas CO2 has reached a record concentration — higher than ever seen in at least the last 3 million years. in which CO2 concentration has been measured on the Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii since the end of the 1950s. Back then, in which measured 315 parts per million (ppm). Since then, in which has risen through year to year due to the continued combustion of fossil fuels, to the present high of 415.7 ppm in mid-May.
in which figure will fall again slightly within the coming months because more plants grow within the Northern Hemisphere within the summer along with they absorb CO2 within the process. although then emissions will cause in which to rise again along having a completely new record will be set next April or May.
Although the countries of the entire world committed themselves in 2015 to reducing their CO2 emissions significantly through the Paris Climate Agreement, nothing meaningful has happened. Indeed, global greenhouse gas emissions have been rising since 2016, to a level in which can be currently more than 50 billion tons per year. Almost all the countries on the planet are to blame, although particularly China, India, the European Union along with the United States.
A recent report by the United Nations Environment Program found in which limiting the global warming caused since the Industrial Revolution to 1.5 degrees by the end of the century, might require global CO2 emissions to reach a turning point in 2020. along with they might need to drop by an enormous 55 percent by 2030. By 2050, in which might have to be zero. Those who do continue producing CO2 at in which point might also have to find a way to pull in which back out of the atmosphere at another spot.
The authors of the report wrote in which none of these goals will be achieved through the current policies being pursued by the international community. along with if things stay the way they are, the global average temperature will rise by at least 3.2 degrees by 2100.
along with in which might mean in which the summer of the century seen in 2018 might indeed remain a rare event — because the normal temperature might in fact be a lot hotter.